How To Make Manga

Basics of manga layout ... "Explain the situation first". What is the first panel?


It is often said Basics of manga layout ...

"Explain the situation first".

This article summarized how to explain the situation.

Referred "Toriyama Akira No Hetappi Manga Kenkyujyo"(jump comics) and "Manga no Manga Komawari No Kisohen".

What does "Explain the situation first" mean

1.Panel of Scenery

Most manga begin with Panel of scenery.

That point is explained at "Toriyama Akira No hetapi Manga Kenkyujyo" as follows.


From "Toriyama Akira No Hetappi Manga Kenkyujyo"(jump comics)

To put it briefly, the first frame should be a Panel of scenery.Because the reader wants to know "Where is here?" It would be better to answer that.

2.Explain the positional relation of characters

Next, we should also explain the positional relation of characters.

That point is explained at "Manga No Manga Komawari No Kisohen" as follows.


From Kato Hiroshi's "Manga No Manga Komawari No Kisohen"

Simply put, it is necessary to have a panel layout that can understand the positional relation of characters.

You can explain the positional relation by using the "zoom out" panel.

However, most manga artists explain the positional relation well without using the "zoom out" panel.

Why should "Explain the situation first"

I think that there is an opinion that "Don't have to Explain the situation".

Why is a situation explanation necessary? That is explained in the "Manga No Manga" as follows.


From Kato Hiroshi's "Manga No Manga Komawari No Kisohen"

To put it briefly, if reader does not understand the situation of your manga, reader is not interested in your manga.

As a common thing, trying to make a mysterious opening, making it difficult to understand.

"It is hard to understand" and "Mysterious" are different.

I think so. First you must understand the situation. And there are some mysteries. Then, "Mysterious".

"Knowing the meaning" is indispensable for getting interested.Therefore, "Explain the situation first".

Is the explanation of the situation absolutely necessary?

I do not think the explanation of the situation is "absolutely necessary".

All you have to do is to make sense to the reader.If it is necessary for the reader to understand, explain the situation. It is just one way to make it meaningful to the reader.

If it is a conversation scene, positional relationship is not so important, panel of scenery may be more important.

If it is a action scene, panel of scenery is not so important,  positional relationship may be more important.

Perhaps there are scenes where both are not important.


"Explain the situation first" which is the basis of the manga panel layout is the following points.

  • Explain the location of the scene by panels of scenery.
  • Explain the positional relation of characters.

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