How To Make Story

How to use foreshadowing. Why use foreshadowing? There are only 2 methods!



In this article I explain the two objectives that use Foreshadowing in the story.

I summarized how the story will be interesting by Foreshadowing.

There are various opinions about the meaning and effect of Foreshadowing, but I think that it can be roughly divided into the following two.

  1. Foreshadowing for Payoff.
  2. Foreshadowing for Planting.

It is explained in detail in the following.

1.Foreshadowing for Payoff

Example : A Fistful of Dollar

The movie "A Fistful of Dollar"

Example of "Foreshadowing for Payoff" is the movie "A Fistful of Dollar".

In the battle scene of the climax, 'hint of recovery-oriented type' is showing its effect. By the way, the movie "Back to the Future 3" contains homage to this scene.

The scene is as follows.

The hero is shot by rival!

…what? He has not collapsed?

More shot! Many times! ... Still not falling down? why? How?

…Because he was hiding an iron plate under a poncho!



From the movie "A Fistful of Dollar" - The iron plate was hidden under the poncho!

Foreshadowing that fulfills the role of payoff

But ... Cutting out only this scene, do not you feel unconvinced?

You may want to ask various questions. "If rivals aim at the head, is not he going to die?" "Where did he bring the iron plate?".

But, if you watch the movie from the beginning, you think that you feel like "I see!" "Cool!" "Interesting!"etc.

Because effective Foreshadowing is planted.

In the middle of the story, There is a scene which punctures a heart mark with a gun on armor.

This is a Foreshadowing for Payoff. By this scene, you can see that this rival's role always aims at the enemy's heart.

By having this foreshadowing, we are not getting the question of "If rivals aim at the head, is not he going to die?" at the climax.

Moreover, "armor = iron plate" means that the iron plate of the last is imaged.


From the movie "A Fistful of Dollar" - The scene which punctures a heart mark with a gun on armor.

In addition, before the battle scene, there is a scene that the hero is making something using iron.

By having this foreshadowing, we are not getting the question of ""Where did he bring the iron plate?"" at the climax.

"Foreshadowing for payoff" is like this. It is a foreshadowing to make the payoff scene even more interesting.

It has various effects, such as making the payoff scene even more touching, making it more exciting, and being convincing.

2.Foreshadowing for Planting

Example: K-on! # 13 "Winter day"


K-on! Volume 7 # 13 is included (Japanese)

Let's think about the episode13 of anime "K-ON!" As an example of Foreshadowing for Planting.

This episode is using "Foreshadowing for Planting" a lot in the first half.

First of all, it is strange that Rit-chan's appearance.

Next, Azu-nyan said that "I will not be able to leave the house this next Sunday."

Furthermore, Mugi-chan said "I am here today" and going to leave. → Yui "Is it something to do?" → Mugi said "Yeah ... a bit ...".

As you can see, there is foreshadowing that makes you think that "Perhaps there are serious reasons." , "what is it?" , "After this, something may happen"etc.

Foreshadowing that fulfills the role of planting

In the case of these foreshadowing, the content of payoff is not important.

The payoffs are as follows.

Mugi-chan just started a part-time job. Azu-nyan just keeps a friend's cat. Rit-chan had been worried about receiving a love letter, but it was not a love letter.

As mentioned above, payoffs are small events.

When planting, it made you think that "Perhaps there are serious reasons." , "what is it?" , "After this, something may happen."etc. Audience wanted to know the continuation of the story. That's enough.

Some achieve both of the two objectives

I think that every foreshadowing of the world is roughly divided into the two above. Of course, there are foreshadowing that include both objectives.

Next time you enjoy movies, manga, novels, it will be fun to consider which foreshadowing will appear there.

Let's use foreshadowing with purpose!

Knowing the reason of use foreshadowing, you will be able to more fully use foreshadowing

For example, if you think "I am not satisfied with the climax," "I can not be convinced about the way hero wins," you should use "Foreshadowing for Payoff".

If you think "I want to make movies that are more concerned about the continuation", you should use "Foreshadowing for Planting".

For what purpose do you use A? To make the climax interesting? To make reader want to read the continuation of the story? Let's use foreshadowing with purpose!

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